Draught animal power in mountain agriculture a study of perspectives and issues in the Central Himalayas, India by Vir Singh

Cover of: Draught animal power in mountain agriculture | Vir Singh

Published by International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in Kathmandu, Nepal .

Written in English

Read online


  • Himalaya Mountains Region.


  • Draft animals -- Himalaya Mountains Region,
  • Hill farming -- Himalaya Mountains Region

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 131-139).

Book details

StatementVir Singh.
SeriesMFS series,, no. 98/1
ContributionsInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain Development.
LC ClassificationsSF180 .S56 1998
The Physical Object
Pagination152 p. ;
Number of Pages152
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL157427M
LC Control Number99932997

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Draught Animal Power. Land preparation using traditional animal-drawn plough in Peru particular, the use of work animals for agriculture and rural transport is increasing every Tractors and draught animals complement farm power needs in Bolivia.

Draught Animal Power Technical Report 4, Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh. pp ISBN Barrett, J C, With the modernization of agriculture, the use of mechanical power in agriculture has increased but draught animal power (D AP) continues to be used on Indian farms due to small holdings and hill agriculture.

More than 55% of the total cultivated area is still being managed by using draught animals as against about 20% by tractors.

A harness is necessary in using a draft animal efficiently. Such harnesses must allow the transfer of the animal’s muscle power to the task at Draught animal power in mountain agriculture book.

With oxen and similar animals a yoke that rests on the back of the animal is used to attach the harness, while with horses and other equines a rigid, padded collar is used. The harness itself may be a simple arrangement of ropes connecting the.

The average draught power of a pair of local zebu oxen pulling a full scoop was kW, which falls within the upper range of power needed for the first pass with the maresha (Astatke, ).

Subsequently, the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture redesigned the. A working animal or draught (or draft) animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform may be pets or close to pets, such as guide dogs or other assistance dogs, or they may be animals trained to provide tractive force, such as draft horses or logging elephants.

The latter types of animals are called draft animals. draught animal power View: Islam’s contribution to agriculture From the 8th to the 15th century, the ‘Islamic corridor’ between Europe and Asia improved agricultural practices across Spain, North Africa and South Asia.

Use of animal power generally enables farmers in sub-Saharan Africa to increase agricultural production and improve the quality of life.

Effective use of working animals depends on an understanding of the capabilities of the animals for work, their Draught animal power in mountain agriculture book requirements and the factors which can influence their performance. These issues are reviewed in this paper in the context of the Cited by: Animal Power Books.

We have only had our cattle and horses for a relatively short time, but we've been studying animal power for many years. Many folks are under the impression that this is a dying art, but I'm happy to say it is enjoying quite a revival, for fun, and for practical purposes.

"Draught animals and tractors are complementary sources of power on Indian farms and will continue like that for many more years to meet the increased demand of power, of increased production and productivity," says a paper Ojha wrote, analysing draught animal power and tractors.


BoxKathmandu, Nepal *Present address & address for correspondence: Associate Professor and Incharge, Animal Science. Draught Animal Power in Mountain Agriculture: A Study of Perspectives and Issues in The Central Himalayas, India (MFS [Mountain Farming Systems] discussion paper, 98/1) V.

Singh,ISSNPrice: US$ (Developed Countries); US$ (Developing Countries); US$ (ICIMOD Member Countries). tractors, then animal power is the only means that the farmer has of cultivating his land, other than hand labour. The place of draught animal power on farms in tropical agriculture is discussed.

In some areas of the world draught animal power is traditional, in others it is a relatively neu' Size: 3MB. The use and role of animal draught power in Cuban Agriculture: a field study in Havana Province.

by Henriksson M and Lindholm E This document is published (with illustrations) as: Henriksson M and Lindholm E The use and role of animal draught power in Cuban Agriculture: a field study in Havana Province.

Minor Field Studies Swedish. DRAUGHT ANIMAL NEWS No. 40 June Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine University of Edinburgh, Scotland ISSN –,The ‘Research and Development Projects’ section has been well subscribed this year.

Please continue to send in news of your File Size: KB. farming area of Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 32(6), in agricultural operations in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Outlook on Agriculture 29 (2), Henriksson, M. & Lindholm, E.L. The use and role of animal draught power in Cuban agriculture, a field study in Havana province.

Minor Field Studies –. Taking draught power developed during ploughing as a standard, per animal (average weight kg) draught power output comes to kW ( hp). Transformed Middle mountain agriculture requires maximum bullock and human hours and energy (11 hr and kWh) per hectare per year, followed by hill agriculture (10 hr and kWh).Author: Vir Singh, Tej Partap.

A massive programme of modernisation of the draught animal power (DAP) system would alone reduce animal suffering. Concurrently, an upgraded DAP system will bring in enormous economic benefits to users of DAs and the economy as a whole, which can easily Cited by: Intercropping is favored because of small farm size, manual systems of land preparation in association with animal draught power and problems of weed control.

The majority of rural households pursue mixed farming enterprises and maize residues are an important feed source for cattle and goats during the dry seasons, either grazed in situ or. draught animals through increased use of farmer trainers.

Introduction The Namibian Draft Animal Power Programme (NDAPP) was established in The main aim of the NDAPP is to promote improved animal draught power technologies in soil cultivation, weeding, transport, implement repair and maintenance.

Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock. Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from aro BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.

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The following excerpt describes his findings on the efficiency of draft animal power and how it compares to modern biofuel farming. The text is adapted with permission from Chap.

Draught animal power has traditionally been the main source of power in Indian agriculture.1 India is blessed with over 73million draught animals which account for equivalent to 18million kw. Among the draught animals the bullocks, buffaloes and camels ar e extensively used for draft purposes, whereas, the horses, mules/donkeys and camels are.

farming make some use of animal power (Starkey, ). The benefits of improving draught animal power are measurable. In Zimbabwe on smallholder farms a clear relationship was shown at the household level between the number of draught animals per File Size: 1MB.

The environmental impacts of moving to different traction power sources have not been well studied in either developing countries or modern agriculture. This study assesses the environmental impact of the transition from animal to tractor power and vice versa. Three different scenarios are analyzed: a developing country context where draught animal power (DAP) is actually in use; a similar Cited by: “It could be said that a liberal education has the nature of a bequest, in that it looks upon the student as the potential heir of a cultural birthright, whereas a practical education has the nature of a commodity to be exchanged for position, status, wealth, etc., in the future.

Classic books published by FAO are Draught Animal Power Manual – A training manual for use by extension agents, Rome and The Employment of Draught Animal Power in Agriculture published by FAO in Tillers International and Prommata are organizations engaged in the vocational training in.

In order to meet increasing global demand for meat and animal by-products, increasingly intensive animal production is necessary. Creating a sustainable system in animal agriculture that works in different production environments is a major challenge for animal : $ Draft Animal-Power Network Online Forum: An international forum that existed from and provides easy resourcing of common draft animal power issues from others who use draft animals in their daily lives.

The Draft Animal-Power Network is a registered (c)3 nonprofit, please join us and support our work by volunteering, donating or.

Livestock is of particular importance in mountain production systems as they convert plant biomass into useful products for humans such as milk, meat and draught power.

These products are key to the regions’ sustainability. The main topics discussed in this book are: Human geography of Mediterranean mountain territories. Animal production and natural resources utilisation in the Mediterranean mountain areas EAAP Scientific Series, Volume Editors A.

Georgoudis, meat and draught power. These products are key to the regions’ sustainability. e-book - Animal production and natural resources utilisation in the Mediterranean mountain areas - ISBN. Besides the advantage in power, the use of tractors increases agriculture productivity and time efficiency of field operations.

Despite the unquestionable advantage of tractors for agriculture performance, in recent years the interest by animal traction is growing, even. Mountain agriculture in India Key mountain agriculture activities are cropping, animal husbandry, horticulture, forestry, etc., as well as water harvesting and a variety of conservation practices.

76 per cent of the gross cropped area of the entire Himalayan region is under staple food grain crops. The food grain production in the Himalayas may. Vir Singh did his post doctoral work at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) based in Kathmandu and the research focus was draught animal power in mountain agriculture.

Later on he worked on smallholder dairy farms in. ANIMAL POWER Draught Animal Power N.S. Ramaswamy ^^LONG with economic and industrial development, the growing demand for energy has created a crisis all over the world. This has evoked interest in the search for new sources of energy.

Interesting developments are taking place in fields such as solar, wind and geo thermal energy. For a more hands-on approach, attend a draft-horse powwow like the Draft Animal Power Network’s Field Days events or Horse Progress Days.

Expect to pay at least $2, for a trained horse, and count on a team of two animals for every two acres in intensive cultivation – up to 14 acres total (anything larger, and equine-fueled agriculture.

The link below opens a PDF from the CD3WD set by Alex Weir, I cant’t code the site to use the disks as designed, but I am slowly working on uploading the information.

This document is on the Employment of draught animals in agriculture. Employment of Draught Animals in Agriculture. A presentation comparing draft animal power and conventional tractor farming.

Draft Animal Power for Farming Farmers may want to consider using draft horses, mules or oxen as an alternative to tractors for farm work and a means of reducing fuel costs. This publication briefly discusses some of the considerations and potential benefits involved in the use of animal power and offers resources for further information.

Area wise training needs of farmers in draught animal management and utilization Data in Table 1 depict out of seven major areas of draught animal management and utilization. It is clear from the Table 1 that majority of the farmers across the categories ( per cent small farmers, per File Size: 37KB.Investment in draught animal power (i.e.

the asset value of draught animal power systems) can be estimated at approximately US$ billion (1 billion = 1, million). For a variety of reasons, replacement of these animals by mechanised systems may take several years and may require a total investment of US$ billion, which is far beyond.

A strong working animal used to draw a load like a cart, a plow etc., as opposed to a mount.

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